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Everything you need to know about AI

Artificial intelligence (AI) is being incorporated into all kinds of products and services. From personalized recommendations on music and video streaming services to the incoming generation of connected cameras and autonomous cars, AI is changing our lives in ways big and small. But what exactly is AI and how does it work?

We know that it’s complicated. You have questions and we have answers, so we’re here to break it down.

Read on to learn everything you need to know about AI.

What is the definition of artificial intelligence?

Artificial intelligence, or AI, is an umbrella term representing a range of techniques that allow machines to mimic human intelligence.

When humans think, they sense what’s happening in their environment, realize what those inputs mean, make a decision based on them, and then act. Artificially intelligent devices are in the early stages of beginning to replicate these same behaviors.

What is the difference between artificial intelligence and machine learning?

Machine learning is a subset of AI that refers to a machine’s ability to think without being externally programmed. Traditional devices are programmed with a set of rules for how to act, and then this takes the form of if-then-else statements. But machine learning enables devices to continuously think about how to act based on data they intake.

What is the Turing test for artificial intelligence?

The Turing test is a way of testing a machine's ability to exhibit intelligent behavior equivalent to, or indistinguishable from, that of a human. Developed by computer scientist and mathematician Alan Turing in 1950, the test involves a human evaluator posing the same set of questions to another human and a machine. If the evaluator cannot tell the difference between the subjects’ answers, the machine passes the Turing test.

What is an AI assistant?

An AI assistant is a program that can respond to you, provide information, and perform tasks at your request. While these assistants are most commonly thought of in terms of smartphones and smart home speakers, they can exist in a range of devices and will become common in XR glasses, home appliances, connected cars, and more. With the 4th generation Qualcomm AI Engine, we are supporting such use cases at power consumption levels that work for mobile devices.

What is mobile AI?

Mobile AI is a subset of on-device AI, which is AI that is on the device itself as opposed to in the cloud. Mobile AI refers to on-device AI in smartphones specifically, with more than 1.5 billion smartphones shipping every year, smartphones are the most pervasive mobile AI platform.

But beyond smartphones, on-device AI is improving user experiences across different types of devices. At Qualcomm Technologies, we’re helping power on-device AI in virtual assistantssmart assistants, and IoT devices from home cameras to appliances.

What are the uses of artificial intelligence?

AI can be used to easily and quickly accomplish tasks humans find mundane, like sorting through large amounts of data and recognizing patterns. It also allows machines to be smarter in ways that make them more intuitive, simpler to use, and capable of doing more than ever before. This goes for our personal devices, larger industry technologies, and virtually everything in between. For example, AI allows a camera to not just take a picture or capture sounds, but to understand what it is taking a picture of or or know what is being said.

What are examples of artificial intelligence?

Using your voice to interact with your phone is AI. And if you text a friend about a meeting for dinner at 5 p.m. and your device understands this and adds it to your calendar, this is accomplished with AI, too.

Also because of AI, drones can fly on their own, cameras can distinguish between objects, and cars can drive autonomously. Even beyond just bringing autonomy to vehicles, our AI technologies are transforming the automotive industry — from manufacturing and predictive maintenance to a slew of AI-enabled in-vehicle experiences like personalization, in-car virtual assistants, and driver behavior monitoring.

What are examples of artificial intelligence in business?

AI is improving productivity in business. At a low level, it can summarize a document, alert you if you forget to upload an attachment to an email, and recommend replies on email and other messaging platforms.

With its intelligent capabilities, AI is also enabling companies and igniting entire industries such as auto, agriculture, and healthcare. New cars are already using AI to maintain safe following distances, and intelligent drones have revolutionized the process of growing and harvesting crops, allowing farmers to virtually seamlessly survey their land. Plus in e-commerce, AI is making online purchasing increasingly smart and easy with natural language processing for shopping and AI-based product recommendations.

What are examples of artificial intelligence in healthcare?

AI is already extremely effective in diagnosing diseases, including several types of cancer. Recent data has shown that a trained AI can identify tumors and other diseases better than trained doctors in many cases. It’s also enabling wearable technology, which can collect deeper health data that an on-device AI or a human can use to monitor and better understand your health. The wearable platforms from Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. (QTI) have been incorporated into more than 200 device types since 2014, providing tools for better health for both kids and adults.

Plus with its translation abilities, AI can also help people (especially those in remote areas) connect with doctors and specialists who are not nearby and may not speak the same language.

What are the advantages of artificial intelligence?

Low latency, security-focused, and the pure number-crunching and processing abilities of AI are some of its biggest advantages. For the end user, this is designed to provide automation and intelligence that makes tasks easier and reduces errors — all while taking away repetitive tasks. And in terms of our devices, AI can make them more energy efficient and allow us to interact with them in more convenient ways, like with voice control.

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