CES can be overwhelming, to say the least. Lines are long. Venues are spread out (read: things are always much farther away than they seem). And, don’t get us started on the crowds. For all its “issues” though, this week in Vegas is a wonderland for tech lovers. To help you navigate the jargon-filled chaos of this annual smorgasbord of the coolest gadgets, here’s a nifty glossary of terms that you might hear on the show floor, in the Qualcomm booth, or at the Steve Mollenkopf keynote.
CES 2017 Glossary
3-DOF (3 degrees of freedom):
The ability to look around the virtual world from a fixed point, corresponding to rotational movements (left/right, up/down, etc.).
A technology that can create a 3D view of an object’s relative location and surroundings.
3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project):
A project that unites seven telecommunications standard development organizations and develops global specifications for advanced mobile communications, including continued advancements in 4G LTE and the global 5G standard.
5G NR (5G New Radio):
The global 5G standard in development for a new wireless air interface designed to support the wide variation of 5G device-types, services, deployments and spectrum.
6-DOF (6 degrees of freedom):
Moving freely in the virtual world, corresponding to rotational and linear movements.
10nm (10 nanometer):
A process technology used in the manufacturing of chips. In the case of the Qualcomm Snapdragon 835, process improvements combined with a more advanced chip design are expected to bring significant improvements in battery life.
ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems):
Systems built into a vehicle that guide drivers and help eliminate errors such as blind-spot detection, automatic emergency braking, and GPS navigation.
AR (Augmented Reality):
A technology that superimposes digital content on top of a real-world view.
A wireless technique that utilizes advanced antenna technologies to focus a wireless signal in a specific direction, rather than broadcasting to a wide area, like a spotlight vs a floodlight.
A technique that enables wider bandwidth by using multiple channels to increase peak data rates.
Cellular V2X (Vehicle to Everything):
Technologies designed to enable vehicles to communicate with other vehicles (V2V), pedestrians (V2P), roadway infrastructure (V2I), and the network (V2N).
A technology that allows machines to see and understand their surroundings, using 3D depth perception, object recognition, and tracking.
Determining one’s location based on previous position and estimated speeds and time travelled.
FinFET (Fin Field Effect Transistor):
A type of non-planar transistor that allows multiple gates to operate on a single transistor, allowing for smaller, faster, and lower power chips such as the Qualcomm Centriq 2400 server processor or Snapdragon 835.
In VR or AR, a technology that takes advantage of the human visual system, allowing the GPU to render a smaller area at a high resolution and the rest of the field of view at a lower resolution, saving GPU power and processing.
A class of LTE that supports speeds greater than or equal to 1 Gbps, providing the first glimpse of 5G fiber-like speeds.
The difference in time (or delay) between two events, start to finish. In virtual reality, motion to photon latency is the time difference, or lag, in audio or visual fields with respect to your head movement that can lead to motion sickness or dizziness. In a wireless network, latency can be the time difference between sending a packet and receiving an acknowledgement.
MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output):
A system that leverages multiple antennas from both the transmitter and receiver side to create multiple radio links that ultimately increase data rates and overall capacity. MIMO can also be utilized for beamforming to increase coverage.
Within the 5G framework, these are use cases — autonomous vehicles, cellular-connected drones, real-time health care — where high reliability is required and a loss in connectivity or a high-latency connection would bring serious consequences.
mmWave (Millimeter wave):
Spectrum bands loosely defined to be above 24 GHz that provide wide bandwidths that are being leveraged to increase network speed and capacity.
MU-MIMO (Multi-user multiple input and multiple output):
An advanced form of transmit beamforming, in which a router directs signals toward multiple devices — rather than an individual device — to improve performance and multiply total bandwidth.
A low-power, wide-area technology that efficiently connects devices on already established mobile networks, and is optimized for long battery life and deep coverage.
Using cognitive technologies on the device, such as machine learning and computer vision, to make devices more intelligent.
The merging of data collected by multiple sensors to create a cohesive whole — more than what would be available from any one sensor.
New spectrum paradigms that will extend the benefits of 5G technologies and the ecosystem to entities that don’t have access to licensed spectrum such as cable operators, enterprises, and IoT verticals.
A VR technology that shows slightly offset images to each eye, so that objects in the scene appear at the right depth.
Freely available radio frequency bands, such as 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz, that are available for use without an FCC license and can support a myriad of connected, wireless devices. Multiple technologies, such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and LTE Unlicensed, share access to unlicensed spectrum and coexist fairly.
VIO (Visual-inertial odometry):
A technique that fuses information from a camera and inertial sensors, specifically gyroscopes and accelerometers, to estimate a device’s pose and position.
VR (Virtual Reality):
An immersive technology that transports you to an interactive world, complete with lifelike visuals, 6-DOF movement, and surround sound.
WiGig (Wireless gigabit):
Multi-gigabit-per-second speed wireless technology operating over the unlicensed 60 GHz frequency band.
Previously unknown malware threats to mobile security and personal privacy for which there is not antivirus software.
Got all that? Don’t hurt your head trying to memorize it all — bookmark it, people! And please don’t forget to stop by our booth for a chat. We’ll be located in three areas at CES 2017:
- Main booth: Central Hall #10948
- Auto booth: North Hall #5609
- Robotics booth: South Hall #25635
Check out the rest of our CES 2017 coverage here.